Dr. Cadge is an Assistant Professor of Sociology at Brandeis University and a Susan Young Murray Fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University during the 2008-09 academic year. She is the author of Heartwood: the First Generation of Theravada Buddhism in America (University of Chicago Press, 2005) and more than 30 articles and book chapters about religion, medicine, immigration, and sexuality in the contemporary United States. She is currently writing a book about religion and spirituality in hospitals to be titled Paging God: Religion in the Halls of Medicine. Portions of this research have been published in Poetics, the Southern Medical Journal, the Journal of Religion, and other publications.
Plenary: "Reaching In & Reaching Out: Hospital Chaplaincy as Profession"
Who are hospital chaplains? What do they do? Why do hospitals have them? How do they work with hospital staff? What do they bring to patient care? This talk will address these and other questions through a focus on hospital chaplains, the individuals sitting at the institutional nexus of religion, spirituality, and medical institutions. This talk is based on interviews with more than 60 chaplains at 35 hospitals across the country and a review of historical materials about the development and future of hospital chaplaincy as a profession.
Dr. Calhoun, Interim Director, Biomedical/Biotechnology Research Institute, North Carolina Central University, has served as the Director of the Office of Caollaborative Research and Deputy Director of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism at the NIH and in positions with the FDA and CDC. She collaborated with the Fetzer Institute and developed a research grants program to explore the relationship between spirituality and alcohol use disorders. She continues to work on the development and dissemination of curricula to address substance use disorders for clergy and pastoral care ministers. She received her PhD in Public Administration from the University of Southern Califormia and an MS in endocrinology and biochemistry from Howard University. She received a lifetime achievement award for her work on fetal alcohol syndrome and is the recipient of several NIH Director's Awards and the Research Society on Alcoholism Sexias Award for Distinguished Service.
Dr. Curlin is a hospice and palliative care physician, researcher, and medical ethicist at the University of Chicago. Dr. Curlin's empirical research charts the influence of physicians' religious traditions and commitments (and their secular analogues) on physicians' clinical practices. His analytical scholarship engages questions regarding whether and in what ways physicians' religious commitments ought to shape their clinical practices. With respect to the latter, he focuses particularly on the moral dimensions of medical practice, clinical decision-making, and the doctor-patient relationship, as well as on the process of moral formation in medical education. As founding Director of the Program on Medicine and Religion, Dr. Curlin is working with colleagues from the Pritzker School of Medicine and the University of Chicago Divinity School to foster inquiry into and public discourse regarding the intersections of medicine, ethics and the religious traditions.
7th Annual David B. Larson Memorial Lecture: "What Moves the Scalpel? Science, Religion & the Practice of Medicine
No one ever asks what science has to do with medicine any more than they ask what books have to do with education and tools have to do with carpentry. Over the past century and a half, medical science has generated enormous advances in alleviating human illness and forestalling death, and there is good reason to expect substantial further progress. Yet, for all of the contributions of science, medicine remains animated and directed by other, less tangible, forces. A reasonable practice of medicine must give an account for what makes human life worthy of care and attention and how the medical arts contribute to human flourishing. For most people, such accounts begin in religion; for some they begin in a secular moral tradition. In this lecture, Farr Curlin will unpack the way medicine looks beyond science to find forces that motivate care for the sick, direct the application of medical technology, and ground clinical care in an orientation to the patient as person. He will suggest that even though religious ideas are rarely made explicit in public and professional discourse about medicine, they are everywhere implicit and operative, necessarily so. In this light, Curlin will argue that the time is ripe for clinicians and laypeople to develop practices of medicine that are more fulsomely and self-consciously grounded in and informed by religion.
Rabbi Friedman is a pioneer in the development of a Jewish spiritual vision for the second half of life. She is the founder and director of Hiddur: The Center for Aging and Judaism of the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College, which works to foster engaged, spiritually vibrant aging through professional education, scholarship and spiritual resources. Her publications include the recent Jewish Visions for Aging: A Professional Guide for Fostering Wholeness and Jewish Pastoral Care: A Practical Handbook from Traditional and Contemporary Sources, which she edited. Her work was recently acknowledged by her inclusion in the Forward 50, The Forward's list of influential American Jewish leaders.
Plenary: "Seeking the Tzelem: Making Sense of Dementia"
Losing our memories is perhaps the prospect that frightens us the most as we contemplate growing older. As a culture and a community, we desperately seek to distance ourselves from this perceived nightmare, and, as a result, we deny people living with dementia their true humanity. Drawing on concepts from Jewish tradition, this presentation will offer a spiritual framework for understanding and companioning the journey of dementia--for the person living with this challenge, and for family and professional caregivers who also walk this path.
Dr. Hammad established and directs a comprehensive, holistic, community-based health and research center at the Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services (ACCESS) in Dearborn, Michigan. The ACCESS Community Health and Research Center has been in operation since 1988 and is a fully integrated community health center comprised of medical, public health, research, mental health, social services and environmental prevention programs. Dr. Hammad's responsibilities include developing programs designed to promote and improve the health status of the Arab American community. He is very active in academia and is currently a volunteer professor at Wayne State University School of Medicine and consults at the University of Michigan, School of Public Health, and Community-based Public Health agencies.
Plenary: "Arab American Community-Based Health Model within a Cultural and Spiritual Framework"
Sickness is a condition of persons unwanted by themselves, and conceptions, theories, and experiences of sickness are elements of socially transmitted cultural systems. Despite this fact and a growing Arab American population, knowledge of Arab culture and spirituality is not prevalent among the general population. With respect to health care, many providers continue to find themselves in positions in which they are unable to either understand the cultural patterns of their diverse patient populations or comprehend the health-related behavioral motivations of these patients. This presentation will illustrate the relationship between culture, spirituality and health across the lifecourse of Arab Americans. The concept of "fatalism," ways in which religious and faith communities can affect the health of individuals and broader communities, and the conditions under which most people are leaving the Middle East will be examined in the context of individual physical and mental health and how conditions affect the next generation.
Stanley Hauerwas, Gilbert T. Rowe Professor of Theological Ethics at Duke Divinity School, has sought to recover the significance of the virtues for understanding the nature of the Christian life. This search has led him to emphasize the importance of the church, as well as narrative for understanding Christian existence. His work cuts across disciplinary lines as he is in conversation with systematic theology, philosophical theology and ethics, political theory, as well as the philosophy of social science and medical ethics. He was named "America's Best Theologian" by Time magazine in 2001. Dr. Hauerwas, who holds a joint appointment in Duke Law School, delivered the prestigious Gifford Lectureship at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland in 2001.
Keynote Address: "The Refusal to Cease Suffering"
This address will provide an analysis of current attitudes toward suffering and how those attitudes shape our care of one another through the office of medicine.
Christian Smith is the William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of Sociology at the University of Notre Dame, Director of the Center for the Sociology of Religion, and Principal Investigator of the National Study of Youth and Religion. He recently served as Associate Chair of the Department of Sociology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, from 2000 to 2005. Smith holds an MA (1987) and PhD (1990) in Sociology from Harvard University and has studied Christian historical theology at Harvard Divinity School and other Boston Theological Institute schools. Before moving to UNC Chapel Hill in 1994, Smith taught for six years at Gordon College.
Plenary: " Religious Influences among Adolescents and Emerging Adults on Life Wellbeing Outcomes"
What role does religion play in constructively forming the lives of teenagers and emerging adults? How in research might we distinguish causal from merely associational relations between religion and life outcomes? And, to the extent that we believe that religion operates with causality in the life outcomes of youth, what are the actual causal mechanisms by which those influences are exerted? Building on findings from the National Study of Youth and Religion—a three-wave panel study with a sample spanning 13 to 23 year-olds—this talk examines the complexities, patterns, and opportunities for future research concerning the link between religion and positive outcomes in the lives of youth.
"New Horizons in Spirituality, Theology & Health"
(Note: Lori Carter-Edwards sings "Ave Maria" during a break in the program; then the panel discussion begins.)
Lori Carter-Edwards, MPH, PhD
Duke University Medical Center
Timothy Daaleman, DO, MPH
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Linda George, PhD
Harold Koenig, MD, MHSc
Duke University Medical Center
Keith Meador, MD, ThM, MPH
Duke University Medical Center
Pamela Reed, PhD, RN, FAAN
University of Arizona College of Nursing
Joel Shuman, PhD